The League of Women Voters supports policies that ensure fair and open elections through redistricting, encouraging voter registration and access to voting, and the use of voting equipment that makes it easier to validate the results of elections. To that end, the Greenville League supports: REDISTRICTING, Continued support for the League's one-person, one-vote position.
Partisan gerrymandering is a real problem in South Carolina, and the League of Women Voters is taking action to educate voters and to encourage advocacy to reduce partisan and incumbent-protective gerrymandering, so that voters are choosing their representatives and not the other way around.
The League's goal is redistricting reform in which district lines are drawn based on appropriate and enforceable criteria that do not favor partisan interests or incumbents, and in which the drawing is done by an independent, nonpartisan commission. Redistricting will happen in 2021 based on the 2020 census results, and we aim to achieve reform by then.
The League is mobilizing now to make the needed changes so that this next round of redistricting prioritizes the interest of voters and not parties or incumbents. Our immediate goal is to educate voters about the need for redistricting reform and to encourage advocacy with our elected representatives.
What we're doing:
We promote transparent and accountable redistricting processes and to end hyper-partisan practices that don't benefit constituents. We believe responsibility for fair redistricting should be vested in an independent special commission, with membership that reflects the diversity of the unit of government. The League works in states across the country to pass ballot initiatives to institute independent redistricting commissions.
i. Redistricting at all levels of government must be accomplished in an open, unbiased manner with citizen participation and access at all levels and steps of the process,c. A provision that any redistricting plan should be adopted by the redistricting authority with more than a simple majority vote;
ii. Should be subject to open meeting laws;
i. Time limits should be set for initiating court action for review,3. The standards on which a redistricting plan is based, and on which any plan should be judged, must:
ii. The courts should promptly review and rule on any challenge to a redistricting plan and require adjustments if the standards have not been met.
i. Substantially equal population,c. Provide for (to the extent possible):
ii. Geographic contiguity, and
iii. Effective representation of racial and linguistic minorities.
i.Promotion of partisan fairness,d. Compactness and competitiveness may also be considered as criteria so long as they do not conflict with the above criteria
ii.Preservation and protection of "communities of interest,"
iii.Respect for boundaries of municipalities and counties.
i.Protection of incumbents, through such devices as considering an incumbent's address, and
ii.Preferential treatment for a political party, through such devices as considering party affiliation, voting history and candidate residence.